Custom «Health Promotion Intervention for a Hispanic/Latino Cultural Group» Sample Essay
The effectiveness of health promotion intervention depends on the patients’ responsiveness to the new initiative. Therefore, the healthcare practitioner should consider all the needs of patients, including their cultural values. Failing to meet these expectations might lead to appearance of the ethical issues. This paper will discuss the health promotion of Hispanic people and analyze their cultural values, which will help to determine the ethical issue and the ways of its addressing.
To begin with, the Hispanic/Latino cultural group has a few normative values that a healthcare practitioner should consider during health promotion interventions. In particular, patients of this group expect kindness, friendliness, and respect (Juckett, 2013). Kindness means that Hispanic people act politely and avoid conflicts, so they definitely want the health practitioner to behave in the same way. In its turn, friendliness means a personal connection. For example, health professionals can achieve this by asking questions about the patient and his/her relatives. Besides, Latino people prefer standing close to each other, and this can also be used for making contact between the healthcare practitioner and patient (Sobel & Sawin, 2016). Respect means that the representatives of Latino group expect attention and respect for their personality and age. This is particularly important for seniors. For instance, health professionals should call their older patients “señor” or “señora” as using first names is not appropriate. However, addressing patients is not as easy as it looks. Healthcare professionals might have problems with Latino surnames because they include both the father’s name and the mother’s one. In addition, the surname of the married woman may incorporate her husband’s name. Although some Latino people adjust their surnames to American naming traditions, many individuals still keep them without changes. Therefore, the best solution is to ask patients how to address them. The value of respect is also connected with modesty. However, it is frequently neglected in healthcare settings. In particular, Latino patients need specific attitude during physical contacts. For example, they often ask for a chaperon if the healthcare practitioner is of the opposite gender. Thus, neglecting the cultural values of kindness, friendless, respect, and modesty is one of the biggest ethical issues that the healthcare professional might experience during the health promotion interventions.
According to Robert M. Huff and his colleagues (2015), the ethical issue happens when there is a controversy between strong feelings of two sides. In the case of a Hispanic cultural group and healthcare practitioners, this could mean that the opposing sides have different opinions about the cultural norms of respect, modesty, kindness, and friendless. For instance, the healthcare providers might have the other views about addressing patients or politeness. Nevertheless, the practitioners should consider the cultural values of the Hispanic group in order to avoid the cases of ethical distress during participating in health promotion intervention.
One of the ways to demonstrate respect, kindness, and friendliness is to create a caring environment for the cultural group. For example, the healthcare practitioner may provide bilingual materials about health promotion or give links. As many Hispanic patients do not speak English language, offering them information in Spanish would allow creating a personal contact and achieving better understanding of the information. Another way is offering Latino staff to work with the patients of their cultural group (Giacco, Matanov & Priebe, 2014). Besides, it is necessary to celebrate Latino holidays in office because this would help to build better relationship with the Hispanic community (Juckett, 2013). Finally, each Latino patient should be treated as individual first. Hispanic cultural group is very varied because it includes people from different countries. Therefore, the healthcare practitioner should avoid stereotypes during health promotion intervention (Hall et al., 2015). For instance, some Latino patients will not accept the questions about their life or life of their family members. Thus, the healthcare practitioner should carefully monitor the behavior of the visitor and be ready to adjust the intervention, according to the patient’s individual needs.
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In addition, healthcare providers should consider modesty of Latino patients during presenting their health promotion initiatives. As Hispanic people think about the present, and they are not greatly obsessed with their health (Galanti, 2015), they have quite a fatalistic opinion about the world. Therefore, the healthcare practitioner should explain them why he/she offers some health promotion ideas. Modesty also means that Hispanic patients do not share their pain with the others (Galanti, 2015). It is particularly common for males, who tend to talk about their emotions only in the family circle. Thus, the healthcare practitioner should address this issue by asking patients about their feelings.
In conclusion, the healthcare practitioner should consider cultural values of Latino people in order to be able to provide them with effective health promotion interventions. It is important to take into account that patients of this cultural group expect the others to be polite, friendly, and modest. They prefer having a personal contact with the others. However, at the same time, they do not like if healthcare professionals of the opposite gender examines them without a chaperon. In fact, the most sensitive subgroup of Latino patients is the older people, especially females. In addition, the Latinos do not think about the future, so health prevention might look ridiculous to them. Thus, the healthcare practitioner must address the issues by providing caring environment and considering the patients’ needs. She/he should be friendly, open, polite, and respectful while talking to Hispanic patients.
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