Custom «The Assembly Line: Operations Management» Sample Essay
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The production of goods and services is often a challenging task. Due to the scarcity of the resources and competition in the market, it is necessary for the manufacturers to produce high quality commodities that are appealing to the customers. Therefore, there is a need for application of an operations intervention that aims at improving the quality and efficiency of the production. For instance, an effective operations intervention diversifies the assembly operation process leading to the production of high-quality goods and services that give consumers the value for their money. Similarly, an appropriate operations intervention must increase the workers specialization in order to develop creativity that is required in the operations. Furthermore, specialization enables the employees to build their career and increase their innovativeness. In any operation, the level of creativity and innovation skill sets determines the success of the production process. This paper focuses on the assembly line and describes how the assembly line, as an operations intervention, improves the quality and efficiency of the operations.
The Assembly Line
An assembly line is an operations intervention that improved the quality and efficiency of the production process. Henry Ford invented an assembly line in 1918 in order to speed up the operations process as well as improving the quality of the products (Paetz, 2014). For instance, the assembly line saw the reduction of the workers needed to produce a product. Similarly, the distance covered during the transportation of materials from one point to another reduced significantly with the introduction of the assembly line. The assembly line consisted of the arrangement of people as well as tools in a pattern that shortened the distances for faster completion of the actual productions process. This arrangement maintains the flow of the materials and keeps the workers on their working places avoiding unnecessary fatigue that is caused by the movements. Additionally, people in the production line are entitled to a single task, thus, fostering the effectiveness and efficiency.
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As a result, there is no more heavy lifting for those in the production line since the conveyors and elevators do most of the lifting. With the elimination of the more tedious works in the production process the workers have a chance to specialize and perfect in specific roles, thus, improving the quality of their outputs (Maurya, 2012). Furthermore, the use of the conveyors and elevators to transport materials from one station to another in the production line enhances the work rate, hence, increasing the production rate. Likewise, with the application of the assembly line as an operations intervention, there is no need for special training and skills amongst the employees since they only perform a single task. Similarly, most of the machines involved in the production process are automated and do not require an attendant.
Additionally, the assembly involves the use of carriers and work slides. Carriers and slides facilitate the transportation of the product after a worker completes his task to a specified location, preferably for modification to another worker within the production process. For instance, since the assembly line is a sequence of operations, once a piece of work has been completed at a given location, it is immediately lifted and moved to the next stage in the line (Advani & Sozer, 2010). Through the work slides, individual movements are minimized, creating more time for and concentration to the work at hand. As a result, the assembly line improves the efficacy of the production. Furthermore, the assembly line created jobs, where everybody feels comfortable. Since the assembly line is based on specialization, the employees select the areas of production that they are can perform well and, therefore, do only what they understand most. The rest is done by the next workman in the line.
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Moreover, the sliding assembling lines ensure that all the materials are taken to the right destination for the final assembly of the product. Through that, the system provides the workers with ample time to attend to their duties for better performance. Similarly, the delivery of the materials for producing the product to the relevant places located at convenient distances aims at speeding up the production process. Moreover, the distances are maintained short to avoid accidents and damages that may occur in the process of transportation, thus, ensuring safe delivery of the materials. Likewise, the presence of many stations in the production process indicates that the high production volume, since each station is working on a different part of the many products simultaneously. Therefore, at the final stage, the output is higher comparing to the manual production process where one part of the product is assembled at a time. Hence, the application of the assembly line as an operations intervention guarantees the quality and efficiency in the real production process.
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Furthermore, through the application of the assembly line, it is easy to identify faults and defects within the system. For instance, if any part of the final product is not perfect, the station that deals with that section in the line can be easily identified and necessary changes will be made, in order to maintain the production of high-quality commodities. In addition, the defection can be detected as soon as the product reaches the next stage, thus, saving the manufacturers the time and resources that could have otherwise been wasted on the production of a faulty commodity. Through the immediate recognition of the defect and remedy system developed by the assembly line, the quality of the operations improves. Equally, when one station fails, the operations cannot be affected entirely, since other lines are functional. The assembly line seeks to diversify operations by ensuring that different people carry out a similar task at different stations. In that case, the failure of one line does not compromise the operations of the other one, since they are independent. As a result, the company maintains mass production.
Through the specialization fostered by the assembly line, the creativity of the employees is enhanced leading to increased innovativeness. For instance, people in the assembly perform the same task repeatedly the whole day, what allows them to devise new improved methods for doing the same thing. In that case, they become more creative and innovative. The application of the creativity at workplace leads to improved performance and production of quality goods (Grewal, 2010). Similarly, through the application of the assembly line, tiresome processes that involve the workers stooping are eliminated from the operations. Hence, they get time to think about the best ways to improve their performances. Similarly, the assembly line exposes each person’s work, thus, creating health competition among the employees and, hence, each of them seeks to perfect his/her performance. As a result, the quality and efficiency are achieved in the operations process.
Likewise, with the use of the assembly line, each person is assigned a specific role at a given location in the line, hence, the workers find no time for idle talk. Additionally, the system forces the employees to adopt a certain pace, since a delay in one’s role leads to a late output. As a result, a firm achieves an increased output per person. In fact, with the introduction of conveyor belts in the assembly line, the work rate of the employees’ increases respectively in order to keep the operations steadily flowing. For example, when Henry Ford developed conveyor belts that produced cars within 93 minutes, his employees adopted the pace of the machines and, thus, the production rate increased rapidly (Hesselbach & Herrmann, 2008). Therefore, the application of the assembly line as an operations intervention improves the efficiency of the actual production process. Production of quality goods is the key to the success of any manufacturing company, since they are attractive to the customers. For instance, involvement of machinery in the operations seeks to foster the quality of output. For example, a fitting done by an automated machine is of a better quality compared to the one done manually. Similarly, a machine is more efficient unlike a human being. Hence, the application of the assembly line as an operations intervention is the best method for maintaining the high quality and efficiency of the production process.
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An assembly line is an operations intervention that improves the quality and efficiency of the production. For instance, the assembly line develops workers by enabling them to specialize in their respective fields. Through that, their effectiveness is boosted, hence, the efficiency of the operations is guaranteed. Similarly, the assembly line eliminates the tiresome heavy lifting chores that exhaust the workers. As a result, they have plenty time and the strength to perform their duties. Likewise, the movement of employees in the assembly line is minimized, since the conveyers and lifts do transportation of materials from one place to another. Thus, the rate of operations is increased. In addition, the assembly line is sensitive and discovers faults immediately, leading to the production of high quality goods that appeal to the market. Moreover, performing the same task repeatedly enhances accuracy of the concerned person and, hence, one performs his roles more diligently. As a result, the quality of the production process is enhanced through the application of assembly line as an operations intervention.
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