Custom «Theoretical Framework» Sample Essay
A theoretical framework of nursing has been significant to the medical industry for the last few years. In the 1970s, the growth of nursing theory was the main topic of discussion (Fitzpatrick & McCarthy, 2014). In the recent years, much analysis has been associated with the advancement of one global nursing approach. Nevertheless, since the 1990s, focus has shifted from the improvement of the universal theory of nursing as scientists started to determine several approaches in the nursing industry (Meleis, 2011). In addition to theory development, such methods have influenced the growth of nursing practices. The current essay analyses ways in which the theoretical framework has shaped the development of nursing practices to improve the health and services delivered to patients.
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The theoretical framework has offered professional nurses a basis for making knowledgeable decisions that rely on deliberation and rational judgment (Smith & Parker, 2015). With the advancement of medical experience, nurses have been able to integrate theoretical and hospital knowledge into their critical thinking expertise to make better therapeutic choices, improving nursing practices. Similar to all disciplines that require training, nursing relies on the exclusive unification of hypotheses and methods, whereby the former direct practice based on theory. With this primary approach, nurses have been able to rely strongly on theoretical knowledge, and in the effect, the nursing practice has not only progressed in terms of experience, but also its conceptual framework. For instance, the use of Nightingale’s environmental theoretical perspective has enabled nurses to manipulate clinical surroundings to promote patient’s recovery (Meleis, 2011).
Caring has become crucial to nursing, and it is another way in which the theoretical framework has shaped the progress of modern nursing practices (Smith & Parker, 2015). Most persons have selected nursing as a career since they aspire to caring for people. In line with this, Watson considered that the ultimate aim of nursing is to assist individuals to achieve greater harmony of the mind and the body (as cited in Meleis, 2011). As a result, the patient can acquire heaing and gradual health. Watson also revealed that the goal could be attained via transpersonal caring regulated by medical factors (as cited in Meleis, 2011). With the adoption of this theoretical framework, the nursing sector has embraced a therapeutic assessment, which is reflective, intuitive and interpretative, likewise practical-objective. A compelling example of the application of Watson’s theoretical framework in the nursing practice is demonstrated in the Attending Nursing Caring Model (ANCM). The latter is an epitome of developing and changing nursing practices within a thoughtful, theoretical and evidence-based approach. Moreover, the ANCM currently serves as a program for facilitating the skilled application of caring-curing science in case when the nursing profession faces challenges, possibly shortages in health reforms.
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Nursing practices are directed at increasing self-care awareness among patients to improve their health. This notion has become practical in the medical sector with the adoption of Orem’s conceptual nursing plan, which focuses on self-care, its insufficiency and the ideologies of the nursing system (Meleis, 2011). With these approaches, Orem examined each person as a self-care agent that has capacities instrumental to conducting self-care activities (as cited in McEwen & Wills, 2014). It allows nurses making premeditated decisions to address self-care appeals emanating from the known needs for care. The latter differ throughout the lifespan, and if they are not met, a situation termed as self-care deficit emerges, which initiates the urgency of nursing. Importantly, Orem’s theoretical framework has significantly molded nursing practices as witnessed in modern caring centers. For instance, the nurse and the patient initiate a collective decision based on the self-care need of the latter. Besides, the responsibility of nurses has changed to promoting and expanding rational self-care capacities of patients (Meleis, 2011).
Orem’s logical framework has changed the modern management of elderly rehabilitation (McEwen & Wills, 2014). It clearly outlines self-care leading to enhanced communication and improves consistency in providing care and creating the unanimity of goals and resultts of nursing practices. Nurses have also been put in favorable positions to promote the attainment of self-care, which needs a complex communication expertise, teaching proficiency, and the knowledge of many medical factors disturbing the nurse-patient relation in the event of administering care.
Nurses help patients to adjust to various therapeutic illnesses and respond to other associated stimuli. With the use of Roy’s theoretical approach, nurses can help persons readjust to the surroundings via such essential modes as physiologic demands and practices, self-conceptual requirements, behavior of other persons and interdependence (Reed & Shearer, 2011). Such modes enable a nurse to assess patient’s positive or negative responses. Once analysis has been conducted at the suitable level, the nursing care framework of goals and means helps determine an intervention. Such nursing practices contribute to patient’s health and well-being, betterment of life and to death with honor. The primary example of the application of Roy’s theoretical plan to the nursing practice is the current examination of anxiety (Smith & Parker, 2015). It has provided nurses with critical body conditions to assess such as minimal physical activities and reduced self-esteem in the treatment of patient’s anxiety. Therefore, nurses diagnose the symptoms of several diseases via evaluating the modes above, and as a result design and initiate an intervention, which enhances client’s readjustment to illnesses.
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In conclusion, a theoretical framework has led to the contemporary progress of nursing practices. Providing specialist nurses with the essential basis of making deliberate decisions, as well as improving patient care and self-care awareness among people are primary ways in which the theoretical framework has molded the advancement of practices in the medical field. Additionally, improving the current care for the elderly recovery process and assisting patients in adjusting to several chronic illnesses are other impacts. Thus, with the relevant application of theoretical frameworks of key theorists, such as Nightingale, Watson, Orem and Roy, modern nursing practices will lead to the betterment of patient’s health.
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