Jenny’s Abnormal Psychology
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Jenny is undergoing problems after her mother died of breast cancer and she broke up with her boyfriend. As Jenny goes through hard times, she sometimes experiences bad dreams to an extent that she feels as though she is being lifted up. The symptom reveals the unconsciousness of her thought due to the psyche provoked by the previous experiences. At other times, she experiences nightmares and distressing memories of her mother's struggles. The symptom can be used to explain psychic tension that has filled Nelly's mind after her mother's death.
Further, Jenny takes long hot showers and uses hand sanitizers. She thinks that doing so will help preserve her body from germs causing diseases, and hence she will not die young. Her action is a cognitive-behavioral symptom that can be used to treat the unhelpful thinking that she engages in as a result of fear of death. Additionally, she avoids foods that are carcinogenic and refuses to go to public parties with an argument that one can never know who has a disease that they can spread. The symptom can be used to show the false sense of the disease that she had developed as a result of her mother's death.
Undoubtedly, Jenny is overweight, and she hates herself because of this. The symptom can be used to explain the cause of her diseases and marital problems. Also, she is diabetic. The symptom is important since it, along with the health history of her family will help to suggest proper intervention measures. It will help consider other likely complications that she might be having and which may not have manifested yet. The symptom will explain the cause of her health problem.
Using DSM 5 diagnostic criteria, one can say that Jenny is suffering from a Major Deprssive Disorder. The symptoms of this disorder include her decreased interest in and pleasure she used to get from most activities, such as partying with friends and living with a husband. The change of her sleep patterns is also indicative of the disorder, as well as her change in concentration as exhibited by her failure to complete work duties on time.
Jenny could also be diagnosed with Major Neurocognitive Disorder. The symptoms that could indicate this disorder include her cognitive decline in the level of performance as seen both in her activities at work and functions at home. Her independence in the everyday activities has been interfered as seen in her perception of men and diseases. The disorder can be an explanation here because Jenny's cognitive problems, such as her perception of friends, cannot be explained by another medical disorder.
Jenny’s Major Depressive Disorder could be confused with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. The disorder can be suggested as the cause owing to her recurrent distressing dreams and nightmares that have negatively influenced her state of mind, avoidance of stimuli as seen in her efforts to take a long shower and use sanitizers as a way to keep away germs, and finally her negative alterations in cognition and moods as seen in her visualizing men as dogs and contemplating suicide.
Additionally, the depressive disorder could be confused with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The symptoms that could point to this disease include: the recurrent thoughts and images that Jenny has about her mother and the struggles she went through before her death, obsessions that have made her think that disease is everywhere, the idea that she can catch it by interacting, and her repeated actions to prevent diseases through hand washing for example. The symptoms of this disorder take more than an hour of her day's time.
As a wayy of treating Jenny's Major Depressive Disorder, the cognitive-behavioral approach can be used. The approach is based on the theory that unhelpful thinking and behavior can gradually be changed as a way to ease depression in an individual. Therefore, in Jenny's case, it will be used to change her thinking and behavior to something more helpful.
The cognitive behavioral approach will entail being taken to counseling session to help her understand concepts about her situation better. During the sessions, the misguided concepts will be corrected. It will also entail guided social interaction and exercise programs. Jenny will be accompanied by the counselor in most of her activities as a way of creating social warmth. She will also be enrolled in a physical fitness class where attendance will be mandatory. With the help of this, she will gradually lose her weight and get rid of her stress. Additionally, the treatment will entail the provision of items or materials that will enable her to remember about her mother as a way to make her release all the stressors from her mind.
The cognitive-behavioral treatment approach that Jenny will undergo will have positive impact on her irritability and arguments at her workplace. Though the treatment plan is aimed at changing her social life, it is specifically concerned with her perception of friends and not the behavior. Therefore, the approach might not have much impact on this symptom.
By being biologically born by to a Mexican family, she has an obligation to sacrifice her personal wishes at the expense of her family. That biological characteristic will enable Jenny to give up some of her bad thoughts that may be detrimental to herself and family. Additionally, she holds a religious belief that people who commit suicide do not go to heaven. The sociocultural characteristic will keep Jenny away from committing suicide and help concentrate on her treatments.
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